UN COP28: What to know about the climate summit in Dubai

Leaders, from around the world government officials and delegates are preparing for the United Nations climate change summit, COP28 which will take place in Dubai, UAE from November 30 to December 12. The main topics of discussion will be finding ways to reduce the use of fuels controlling carbon emissions and deliberating on assistance for developing nations to adapt to climate change.

A significant focus will be on addressing the loss and damages fund that was established year as a way to support poorer countries in managing the impacts of climate change. However there are still questions regarding which countries will contribute to this fund and how much they will contribute. This summit also marks the review of countries progress towards meeting the goals outlined in the Paris Agreement that was signed eight years ago.

While it is worth noting that UAE was one of the Eastern countries to ratify the Paris Agreement there has been controversy surrounding hosting this summit in a nation heavily dependent on fossil fuels. The UAE is responsible for than 75% of greenhouse gas emissions caused by fossil fuels. Criticism has grown regarding including representatives linked to oil and gas industries in these climate summits.

The agenda for COP28 revolves around reviewing and adjusting the implementation of terms outlined by UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change) as assessing progress made towards meeting goals set out in both the Paris Agreement and Kyoto Protocol. This year also introduces an evaluation called Global Stocktake (GST) which aims to assess each countrys progress, towards achieving targets set by the Paris Agreement.
Countries will engage in negotiations. Make adjustments, to their climate action plans by 2025 taking into account the findings of the GST.

A crucial objective is to put into effect the fund, for addressing losses and damages with developing nations suggesting that developed countries allocate a minimum of $100 billion by 2030. COP28 marks an opportunity for countries to confront shortcomings and work together towards meaningful advancements in order to fulfill the goals of the agreement.